Meeting of the Obama Administration’s goal of 1 million plug-in electric vehicles on the road by 2015 will only come with a coordinated set of policies and technological advances, according to an electric vehicle partnership .
The Association of Electric Transport Unit (EDTA) on Tuesday is expected to release a set of policy recommendations to initiate what the automotive industry executives call a major technological change of gas only for electric cars.
EDTA members include manufacturers of automotive battery business, a number of power plants and other industry associations.
The group is pushing for policies to promote domestic industry, fund research, and launch large-scale testing of electric vehicles. He said tax incentives, now offer consumers up to a $ 7500, depending on size of the battery, should be extended to a larger number of private cars and fleet purchases.
On technology, the batteries are still the biggest obstacle. The ATS said the Energy Department should fund the development and testing of energy storage systems and fuel cells.
Capacity of energy storage is the key to the success of the vehicles and is also the enabling technology for renewable energy use as a transportation fuel, “according to the recommendation of the policy report EDTA.
In an indication of how the battery technology is important, General Motors decided to manufacture the battery pack for the Chevy Volt and other electric vehicles, gas itself, instead of buying packages of a supplier. The items will be supplied by LG Chem.
In addition to technological advances, battery and auto company executives say that the establishment of a supply chain electric vehicle components require collaboration between different companies.
Fourteen U.S. companies have established an alliance to pressure the U.S. government for $ 1 billion in federal aid to build U.S. manufacture of batteries, according to a report by the Wall Street Journal published last December.
Car manufacturers will have to provide guarantees on batteries that have not had years of testing with consumers, said EDTA. Some have considered leasing car batteries, which will allow consumers to upgrade to new batteries.
EDTA also argues that new business models are needed to encourage consumers to buy electric vehicles, although they promise a leap in fuel efficiency.
The Panel recommends the creation of an infrastructure of charging stations, coordination with utilities and companies that test fleet of plug-in electric vehicles, including government agencies.
“By helping the public and private entities to construct coherent alternative vehicle and infrastructure solutions, the federal government can help the industry to go beyond the” chicken versus egg question, “the report says.